How to train a dog to crate and carry: training method and technique
Recently, various carriers, boxes, aviaries and mesh fences have become widespread. In addition, with the development of tourism, many owners often travel with their pet, placing it in a special box container during the flight. Many people use the enclosure as an additional means of restricting the dog’s movement around the apartment or house, for a comfortable trip in a car, train compartment, public transport, etc. Often, dog owners make mistakes, not accustoming their pet to carry or an enclosure, or teaching it incorrectly, which does not in the best way affect both the psyche and behavior of the dog, and its attitude to this seemingly harmless and convenient device. This article is devoted to the issues of correct training of the dog to the aviary and its adaptation.
A dog trained calmly, without panic and barking in the enclosure, can be easily taken with you on a trip by car, on a visit, placed near the exhibition rings or transported by plane. Some dogs become really attached to their carrier or aviary, preferring to sleep there or hide, avoiding the owner’s remarks or other annoyances. Other dogs are not happy with enclosures, but if necessary, they can endure them. However, many animals panic when they are locked up and make a “scandal” even if they are in this position for a short time. The process of accustoming a dog to a “new home” requires the owner to act correctly and with patience, as well as understanding and respect for the dog.
You need to introduce the puppy to the carrier or aviary as soon as you bring him to your house. After all, the mental development of a puppy depends on how successfully he has adapted to the new conditions of life without a mother. A dog enclosure will simplify the initial parenting process, and he will not destroy everything around him and behave inappropriately. Dogs should be weaned from infancy from habits such as damaging shoes, furniture, household items, chewing wires, ripping off curtains, and stealing from tables and trash cans. Such training is only possible when you can monitor the behavior of the puppy or restrict his movement around the house. The aviary will be a real salvation in those cases when the puppy is left alone for some time unattended.
In order to avoid mistakes at first, it should be remembered that you need to use the dog cage correctly.
- A dog should not be put into an enclosure just because it bothers you and requires attention. A puppy or young dog can often get on your nerves, irritate you, pester you, and interfere with your household chores. But it will be unfair and cruel to lock the animal, it is better to pay attention to the upbringing of the puppy: play with him, communicate or train.
- The dog should never be left locked up for long periods of time. A puppy between 2 and 4 months of age should not be kept in the enclosure for more than one hour, unless he sleeps there at night or rests of his own accord. A puppy between 4 and 6 months of age should not be locked up for more than 2–3 hours.
- An adult dog can stay in the enclosure for all 8 hours. However, one should not hope that she will behave calmly if she has not received appropriate training before. An adult dog can only be left locked up for up to 8 hours if it has been loaded with a good hour of jogging. If your pet has been locked up all night before, then the walk with the dog should last at least 60–90 minutes. Only then place it in the aviary again.
Can the cage be used as a punishment?
If the aviary is used only for this purpose, then the dog will soon hate it. Some dogs will treat the enclosure or carrier as a refuge, hiding to avoid further punishment.
You can use the aviary as a resting place. But the dog must have a lot of pleasant experiences associated with it in order to neutralize any negative emotions.
A dog with a tendency to guard his belongings may also guard the space in and around his shelter. Be careful and attentive as you walk past the open enclosure and take your dog out of it. Do not reach the animal with your hands — it is better to lure it out with a treat or a toy. Some dogs feel vulnerable and “trapped” in the enclosure, so they can react aggressively to the approach of strangers or animals.
How to teach your dog to love his crate
Regular training of your dog will help you teach him to love his carrier or enclosure, or at least behave calmly when he is there. The time you need to achieve the result depends on the dog itself and its initial attitude towards the enclosure. If your dog is already experiencing negative emotions about this, and now he does not want to be there, the training procedure may take a longer period.
There are different types of enclosures: wire cages, plastic for air travel, and synthetic mesh. Mesh dog kennels are the lightest and most portable, however, they are not suitable for the harsh, strong and excitable animals who like to try everything. Mesh and plastic enclosures provide more privacy. Some dogs love having a blanket, blanket, or towel over the wire cage to make them feel like they are in a den or booth. For dogs with severe fear, pre-training with cage-like structures may be required. For example, you can first teach your dog to walk under a low canopy between two walls, lie in a box or box without a lid, and only then introduce him to the enclosure. You can also use commands for dogs such as “sit”, “lie down”, “to-me”, Forward or backward. A dog trained in these commands during training will more accurately understand what the owner wants from it at one time or another.
These guidelines suggest using a dog clicker (a device that emits a clicking sound that your dog responds to, sold at many pet stores) to pinpoint the behavior you want your pet to do as accurately as possible. You can also use a voice signal (for example, a short word “Yes”, “Good” or “Super”), at the moment when you see a positive reaction of the dog in response to your actions.
- When using a plastic enclosure, the door can be opened and fixed, or even removed altogether;
- when using a wire cage, you can open its door and secure it against spontaneous closing;
- the door of the mesh aviary can simply be thrown upstairs.
It must be remembered that each stage of training must be performed with the temperament that, in your opinion, is more suitable for your dog. The dog shouldn’t be bored. Each repetition of the exercise should arouse her keen interest. And one more important note: the breed of the dog, its size, character and strength are very significant factors that should determine the size and design of the cage.
What to do and in what sequence
At this stage, the dog can exit the cage or enclosure backwards or turn around and come out in front. After she comes out, give her another treat. It is best if the dog turns around inside the enclosure, as this is ideal for subsequent steps. If it backs away, try to unfold it with a treat. If the animal is nervous when you stick your hand out, then you need more space for the dog. It will be easier for her to turn around and follow the hand if the aviary is wider. After the reversal is successful, the dog should repeat it without your help.
- First, make sure you have some dog treats to reward your pet with and stock up on them in advance. Sit with your dog in front of the cage or aviary. Show her the treat and place it at the very entrance. Let the dog come and take it. Repeat this procedure several times, each time placing the treat deeper inside the enclosure. If the dog enters it on its own and takes the treat, let it go out on its own when it wants to.
- Show your dog a treat and make a movement as if you were throwing it into an enclosure or cage. When the dog pays attention to the cage after the simulation throw, click the clicker and say “Yes”, “Good” or “Super” and toss the treat inside. After a few repetitions, wait until the dog comes to the cage before clicking (or giving a voice signal) and throwing the treat inside. If the dog starts to move forward, then you are on the right track. During each repetition, allow the dog to leave the enclosure of his own free will. If she prefers to stay inside (obviously calculating that there is a treat there), feed her, and then interest her with a piece of the treat to encourage her to go outside.
- It is necessary to say “Yes”, “Good” or “Super” and throw a treat inside the enclosure or cage whenever the dog:
- will approach the cage and stick his head into it;
- will approach the cage and enter it with one paw;
- will approach the cage and enter it first with one and then with the second paw;
- will approach the cage and enter it with both front paws, and then take another step;
- approaches the cage, enters it and enters with one back foot;
- will approach the cage and enter it completely.
- When the dog approaches the enclosure or cage, enters it and turns around, say “Yes”, “Good” or “Super” and stick your hand out to give the treat.
- Enter a verbal signal to indicate that the dog is sent to the enclosure or cage: for example, “To the enclosure,” “Place,” “Inside,” “To the booth,” and so on. Say one of these commands before the dog goes to the enclosure. If the dog starts to move before your signal, reward him with the command “Yes”, “Good” or “Super” for the shown independence, and then directly next to the cage or inside it, reward the animal with a treat.
- Order the dog to go inside, and after entering and turning, say “Yes”, “Good” or “Super” and stick your hand with the treat inside.
- Order the dog to go inside, and after entering and turning, order him to sit or lie down, and when the dog fulfills the command, say “Yes”, “Good” or “Super” and quickly reward with a treat. Use
your hand to encourage the dog to position itself if necessary .
- Order the dog to go inside, and after entering and turning, tell him to sit down or lie down. When the dog completes the command, reward him after a short time interval, then say “Yes,” “Good,” or “Super,” and reward again, but only quickly. Say “Yes,” “Good,” or “Super,” and move away from the enclosure so the dog can get out.
- The dog must sit or lie down on its own when it enters the cage or aviary, without your orders. Every time the dog comes out without completing the full range of turns and commands, be silent and do not give treats. Start over. If the dog did not manage to do the complex 2 times in a row, help her — stick your hand with the treat inside so that she goes farther and takes a lying position. Practice this 1–2 times. After a while, the dog must enter and lie down in the cage or aviary on its own. If something does not work out for her, then stop the classes, let her rest, and then resume them from an earlier stage, carefully analyzing your actions.
- When the dog starts to enter the cage or aviary and lie there for 10–20 seconds, start closing the door. If you have a plastic or wire cage, close the door, say “Yes,” “Good,” or “Super,” and quickly deliver the treat. Then say “Yes”, “Good” or “Super” again and step back so the dog can get out. If you have a mesh cage, cover the entrance slightly, then place the dog in its place, say “Yes,” “Good,” or “Super,” and quickly give the treat. Again say “Yes”, “Good” or “Super” and move away from the cage so the dog can get out.
- Close the door gradually until it is completely closed. Before locking it, make sure that the dog remains in the desired position for 20–30 seconds with the door closed. Dogs with an initially negative attitude towards a cage or aviary will take much longer to get used to a closed door.
- Continue to increase the time the dog stays in the locked enclosure. If the dog is afraid, gets up and tries to open the door, then say “No”, “Bad”, “You can’t” and order it to lie down. If she does not lie down, then stick your hand inside and give it the desired position, then order to freeze and immediately close the door, and then say “Yes”, “Good” or “Super” and quickly give the dog a treat. Say “Yes”, “Good” or “Super” again and open the door so the dog can get out.
- When your pet learns to lie in a cage or aviary for at least one hour, give it something to eat, chew on, or just have fun (purchase toys, cartilage, chewing bones, etc. for the dog in advance). Skip this step if your dog starts guarding toys, growls, rushes at people and animals passing by, and does not allow a hand to be pushed into it. In this case, it is in no way possible to encourage the protective actions of the dog and provoke it to these manifestations.
- After the dog gets used to being inside for a long time, move away from him for a while and allow him to be alone. Make sure that the dog perceives your movements normally, reacts calmly to your leaving to another room and leaving the apartment or house.
Some dogs find it difficult to sit quietly in an enclosure when you are doing something they find fun and curious, such as sweeping the floor, playing with your child, hosting guests, or interacting with another pet. If you need to close the dog so that it does not actively react to events, it is better to move the enclosure or carrier to a more secluded and quiet place. If this is not done, then you will immediately see a reaction — the dog barks, whines or shows an active desire to get out. Every time she begins to behave like this, order her to sit down or lie down and only then unlock the door. The dog must learn the following sequence: “I will be released only if I sit quietly or lie down.” It is very important that the dog does not combine howling, barking and scratching with the subsequent exit from the enclosure. Try to release your dog before it starts to show the wrong behavior. If the dog constantly wants to go outside, you will have to go back to the initial steps, repeat and go through them in more detail.
It is possible that your abilities and abilities of the dog will allow you to skip some of the steps, which are described quite carefully. There is nothing wrong with that, because the final result is important. Your dog’s training should be based on the progress it is making, so plan your training based on its behavior and response to the cage. If you’ve noticed, dog training is a fairly humane approach. And you need to adhere to it. In this matter, violence, coercion and rude actions will only increase the period of her accustoming to the aviary, and sometimes, given the vulnerable psyche of some animals, they can lead to severe fear and disgust only with one kind of aviary. Be careful and discreet when working with your dog.
Hopefully, these recommendations will help you solve some of the problems and avoid mistakes when teaching your pet to the cage. Using dog treats as well as favorite toys can be very helpful during your workout. The most important thing is patience and consistency, as well as a kind and considerate attitude towards the animal.